HOT (ПТРК)

HOT: Franco-German Heavy Anti-Tank Missile System

Overview

The HOT (French: Haut subsonique Optiquement teleguide tire d'un Tube) is a second-generation Franco-German heavy anti-tank missile system designed to destroy armored vehicles, fortified structures like bunkers and pillboxes, and helicopters. It has been widely used by armed forces around the world since its introduction in the 1970s and has seen action in numerous conflicts.

HOT Missile System Components

The HOT missile system consists of several key components:

1. Missile:

The HOT missile is a semi-active, wire-guided anti-tank missile powered by a solid-propellant rocket motor. It features a shaped charge warhead capable of penetrating thick armor.

2. Launcher:

The HOT missile is typically launched from a tripod-mounted ground launcher, although it can also be integrated onto various combat vehicles and helicopters. The launcher provides stability and guidance for the missile during launch.

3. Guidance System:

The HOT missile’s guidance system utilizes a semi-active laser seeker. The missile homes in on a laser beam projected from a designator or laser rangefinder, ensuring high accuracy and precision.

HOT Missile System Operation

The operation of the HOT missile system involves the following steps:

1. Target Acquisition:

The missile operator uses an optical sight or a thermal imaging system to locate and identify the target.

2. Laser Designation:

Once the target is acquired, the operator activates the laser designator, which emits a continuous laser beam aimed at the target.

3. Missile Launch:

The HOT missile is then launched from the launcher, propelled by its solid-propellant rocket motor.

4. Missile Guidance:

The missile’s seeker head locks onto the laser beam, guiding it towards the designated target. The operator can adjust the laser beam’s position to steer the missile during flight.

5. Impact and Warhead Detonation:

Upon impact with the target, the HOT missile’s shaped charge warhead detonates, penetrating the armor and causing significant damage.

HOT Missile System Performance and Variants

The HOT missile system has proven its effectiveness in various combat scenarios, with a range of up to 4,000 meters. It has several variants, including:

1. HOT-1:

The original HOT missile system, introduced in the 1970s, featured a range of 2,000 meters.

2. HOT-2:

An improved variant with a range extended to 4,000 meters.

3. HOT-3:

A further upgraded version with enhanced penetration capabilities and a tandem warhead for defeating reactive armor.

Conclusion

The HOT (French: Haut subsonique Optiquement teleguide tire d'un Tube) is a highly effective and versatile heavy anti-tank missile system that has served armed forces worldwide for decades. Its semi-active laser guidance system, combined with its powerful warhead, provides exceptional accuracy and destructive capability against armored targets. With multiple variants and continuous upgrades, the HOT missile system remains a valuable asset in modern warfare.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is the range of the HOT missile system?
  2. The HOT missile system has a range of up to 4,000 meters, depending on the variant.
  3. How is the HOT missile guided?
  4. The HOT missile utilizes a semi-active laser guidance system, which homes in on a laser beam projected from a designator or laser rangefinder.
  5. What are the different variants of the HOT missile system?
  6. The HOT missile system has several variants, including the HOT-1, HOT-2, and HOT-3, each with improvements in range, penetration capabilities, and guidance systems.
  7. What is the warhead of the HOT missile?
  8. The HOT missile features a shaped charge warhead capable of penetrating thick armor, with some variants utilizing a tandem warhead for defeating reactive armor.
  9. In which conflicts has the HOT missile system been used?
  10. The HOT missile system has been used in numerous conflicts worldwide, including the Falklands War, the Iran-Iraq War, and the Gulf War.

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